Anton Bruckner

Anton BrucknerPronounced: (Brook-ner)

Bruckner was born at Ansfelden (Upper Austria), September 4, 1824, and died in Vienna, October 11, 1896.

His first teacher was his father, a village schoolmaster.

After his father’s death he became a chorister at the institute of St. Florian, where he eventually became organist.

He became organist at Linz Cathedral in 1855, and frequently journeyed to Vienna to study with Sechter and Kitzler.

Bruckner succeeded Sechter as organist at the Hofkapelle, and also became professor of organ, harmony and counterpoint at the conservatory.

He became lecturer in music at the University in 1875, and in 1891 the University gave him the title of “Doctor,” honoris causa.

He made journeys to France (1869) and to England (1871) and established his right to be considered one of the greatest organists of his day.

It is, however, as a composer that Bruckner is best remembered, by virtue of the fact that he was hailed by the Wagnerites as an answer to the Brahmsites.

In all probability Bruckner himself resented the fact that his works should be made a subject of dispute. He was much influenced by Wagner, but nevertheless was a simple minded man of great earnestness and sincerity.

He completed eight symphonies and three movements of a ninth, besides some masses, motets and other vocal compositions.