Neils Gade

niels-gadeNiels Gade was born February 22, 1817 and died December 21, 1890 at Copenhagen.

Niels Gade was the son of a maker of musical instruments.

His first instruction in music was obtained from a teacher who esteemed mechanical industry beyond talent, and it seems was not satisfied with the progress of Gade.

Gade learned a little about guitar, violin, and piano, without accomplishing much on either instrument.

Later on he met with more able masters in Wexschall, Berggreen, and Weyse, and entered the royal orchestra at Copenhagen has a violinist, attaining int hat practical school the rare degree of mastery in instrumentation which his publications show.

Through his ‘Ossian’ overture, which, on the approval of Spohr and Schneider was crowned in 1841 with the prize awarded by the Copenhagen Musical Union, he attracted the attention of the music loving king, and received a royal stipend, intended to assist him in a foreign journey.

Gade went to Leipzig, where by Mendelssohn he was introduced to the musical public.

After the production of his first symphony (March 2, 1843) and the cantata ‘Comala’ at Leipzig (March 3, 1846), Mendelssohn, who was then staying at Berlin and Frankfort, entrusted him with conducting the Gewandhaus concerts.

In the winter of 1845-46 he acted as sub conductor to Mendelssohn at Leipzig and after the death of Mendelssohn he conducted along until the spring of 1848, when he returned to Copenhagen to occupy a post as organist and to conduct the concerts of the Musikverein.

In 1861 at the death of Glasser, he was appointed Hof-capellmeister, and received the title of Professor of Music.

He visited England for the first time in 1876, to conduct his ‘Zion’ and ‘The Crusaders’ at the Birmingham Festival.

He died at Copenhagen December 21, 1890.

Gade’s Compositions

  • Allegretto, un poco lento (discarded movement from Symphony no. 8)
  • Andante – Allegro energico – Andante – Tempo I (discarded first movement from Symphony no. 3)
  • Barn Jesus i en krybbe lå
  • Concert Overture no. 3, op. 14
  • Echoes of Ossian, op. 1
  • Et folkesagn: Brudevalsen
  • Festpræludium over salmen “Lover den Herre”
  • In the Highlands, op. 7
  • Orgelkoral: “Af højtiden oprunden er”
  • Orgelkoral: “Hvo ikkun lade Herren råde”, I
  • Orgelkoral: “Hvo ikkun lade Herren råde”, II
  • Sørgemarch i c-mol
  • Symphony no. 1 in C minor, op. 5 “Paa Sjølunds fagre Sletter”
  • Symphony no. 1 in C minor, op. 5 “Paa Sjølunds fagre Sletter”: I. Moderato con moto – Allegro energico – Con più moto
  • Symphony no. 1 in C minor, op. 5 “Paa Sjølunds fagre Sletter”: II. Scherzo. Allegro risoluto quasi presto – Meno allegro – Tempo I – Meno allegro – Tempo I – Meno allegro – Presto
  • Symphony no. 1 in C minor, op. 5 “Paa Sjølunds fagre Sletter”: III. Andantino grazioso
  • Symphony no. 1 in C minor, op. 5 “Paa Sjølunds fagre Sletter”: IV. Finale. Molto allegro ma con fuoco – Molto marcato
  • Symphony no. 2 in E major, op. 10
  • Symphony no. 2 in E major, op. 10: I. Andantino quasi allegretto – Molto allegro
  • Symphony no. 2 in E major, op. 10: II. Andante con moto
  • Symphony no. 2 in E major, op. 10: III. Scherzo. Molto allegro – Allegretto
  • Symphony no. 2 in E major, op. 10: IV. Finale. Allegro energico – Molto allegro
  • Symphony no. 3 in A minor, op. 15
  • Symphony no. 3 in A minor, op. 15: I. Presto – Un poco lento – Tempo I
  • Symphony no. 3 in A minor, op. 15: II. Andante sostenuto
  • Symphony no. 3 in A minor, op. 15: III. Allegretto assai moderato
  • Symphony no. 3 in A minor, op. 15: IV. Finale. Allegro molto e con fuoco – Andante sostenuto – Tempo I
  • Symphony no. 4 in B-flat major, op. 20
  • Symphony no. 4 in B-flat major, op. 20: I. Andantino – Allegro vivace e grazioso
  • Symphony no. 4 in B-flat major, op. 20: II. Andante con moto
  • Symphony no. 4 in B-flat major, op. 20: III. Scherzo. Allegro, ma non troppo e tranquillamente
  • Symphony no. 4 in B-flat major, op. 20: IV. Finale. Allegro molto vivace
  • Symphony no. 5 in D minor, op. 25
  • Symphony no. 5 in D minor, op. 25: I. Allegro con fuoco
  • Symphony no. 5 in D minor, op. 25: II. Andante sostenuto
  • Symphony no. 5 in D minor, op. 25: III. Scherzo. Allegro molto vivace
  • Symphony no. 5 in D minor, op. 25: IV. Finale. Andante con moto – Allegro vivace
  • Symphony no. 6 in G minor, op. 32
  • Symphony no. 6 in G minor, op. 32: I. Andantino – Allegro molto vivace
  • Symphony no. 6 in G minor, op. 32: II. Andante sostenuto
  • Symphony no. 6 in G minor, op. 32: III. Allegro moderato e energico
  • Symphony no. 6 in G minor, op. 32: IV. Finale. Andante quasi allegretto – Allegro vivace
  • Symphony no. 7 in F major, op. 45
  • Symphony no. 7 in F major, op. 45: I. Allegro risoluto
  • Symphony no. 7 in F major, op. 45: II. Andante
  • Symphony no. 7 in F major, op. 45: III. Scherzo. Allegro vivace
  • Symphony no. 7 in F major, op. 45: IV. Finale. Allegro vivace
  • Symphony no. 8 in B minor, op. 47
  • Symphony no. 8 in B minor, op. 47: I. Allegro molto e con fuoco
  • Symphony no. 8 in B minor, op. 47: II. Allegro moderato
  • Symphony no. 8 in B minor, op. 47: III. Andantino
  • Symphony no. 8 in B minor, op. 47: IV. Finale. Allegro non troppo (molto marcato)
  • Tre tonestykker, op. 22
  • Tre tonestykker, op. 22: Nr. 1 i F-Dur
  • Tre tonestykker, op. 22: Nr. 2 i C-Dur
  • Tre tonestykker, op. 22: Nr. 3 i a-mol
  • Violin Concerto in D minor, op. 56
  • Violin Concerto in D minor, op. 56: I. Allegro con fuoco
  • Violin Concerto in D minor, op. 56: II. Romanze. Andantino espressivo
  • Violin Concerto in D minor, op. 56: III. Rondo scherzando. Allegro, ma non troppo
  • Violin Sonata no. 1 in A major, op. 6
  • Violin Sonata no. 1 in A major, op. 6: I. Allegro di molto
  • Violin Sonata no. 1 in A major, op. 6: II. Andante con molto
  • Violin Sonata no. 1 in A major, op. 6: III. Allegro con espressione
  • Violin Sonata no. 2 in D minor, op. 21
  • Violin Sonata no. 2 in D minor, op. 21: I. Adagio – Allegro di molto
  • Violin Sonata no. 2 in D minor, op. 21: II. Larghetto – Allegro vivace
  • Violin Sonata no. 2 in D minor, op. 21: III. Adagio moderato – Allegro molti vi
  • Violin Sonata no. 3 in B-flat major, op. 59
  • Violin Sonata no. 3 in B-flat major, op. 59: I. Allegro con fuoco
  • Violin Sonata no. 3 in B-flat major, op. 59: II. Allegro non troppo e scherzando
  • Violin Sonata no. 3 in B-flat major, op. 59: III. Romanze. Andantino con moto
  • Violin Sonata no. 3 in B-flat major, op. 59: IV. Finale. Allegro vivace