Rodolphe Kreutzer

Rodolphe KreutzerRodolphe Kreutzer was born at Versailles, France, November 16, 1766, and died at Geneva, June 6, 1831.

He studied the violin with Stamitz, but owed more to his own natural ability.

At the age of 16, through the favor of Marie Antoinette, he played first violin in the Chapelle du Roi, and later became a member of the orchestra at the Theater Italien, where his first opera, Jeanne d’Arc, was produced.

During the Revolution he was frequently called upon to compose operas de circonstance, which he did with credit.

His friendship with Beethoven dates presumably from his visit to Vienna in 1798, but it was seven years later when Beethoven dedicated to him the famous “Kreutzer” sonata for violin and piano.

Kreutzer was professor of violin at the Paris Conservatory from its foundation in 1795, and after he returned to Paris from Vienna, he and Baillot drew up the famous Methode de Violin.

His educational work was of the greatest importance, and the Kreutzer Studies are universally recognized as invaluable.

He held distinguished posts both under the First Consul and under Louis XVIII, and became chief conductor at the Academic from 1817 to 1824.

A broken arm compelled his retirement in 1825, and his last years were embittered by loss of prestige.

His compositions included many operas, and also orchestral music, besides works for his chose instrument.