Michelle Ferdinand Pauline Viardot-Garcia
Pauline Viardot-Garcia was born in Paris, July 18, 1821, and died there May 18, 1910.
She was the daughter of Manuel Garcia, the elder, and, of course, sister to Malibran, and to Manuel Garcia, the inventor of the laryngoscope.
She declared that her only signing teacher was her mother, but she acted as her father’s accompanist until his death, and in spite of her youth learned much from him.
She was with him in his American travels, when he was made to sing by brigands, in Mexico.
She studied piano with Meysenberg and Liszt, and was also an accomplished painter.
Her operatic careers commenced in 1837, when she made her debut in Brussels.
A brilliant success in Paris followed, and she soon established herself as a favorite, and appeared in the operas of Rossini, Meyerbeer, and, later, Gounod.
In 1840, she married Viardot, the impresario, and critic.
She was greatly admired by Liszt, and Chopin, and indeed, by all who realized her remarkable mastery of the singer’s art.
Her Paris success was equaled wherever she appeared in Europe, and she bears one of the most honored names in music.
In 1863, she retired from the operatic stage, and went to live in Baden, but as the wife of a Frenchman was obliged to leave Germany in 1871, and went to Paris, where she became professor of singing at the Conservatory.
She also composed many operettas.