Hugo Wolf was born at Windischgraz, Austria, March 13, 1860, and died February 22, 1903.
His father was opposed to young Wolf adopting a musical careers, but eventually allowed his son to study at the Vienna Conservatory, in 1875.
He got into difficulties with the authorities, as his musical opinions made his disobey all the contrapuntal rules, and his temperament made him indifferent to most other rules.
For a while he lived in great poverty in Vienna, and was on the point of emigrating to American, but was offered the post of second Capellmeister, at Salzburg. Before two months, however, he was back in Vienna.
From 1884 to 1888 he was musical critic for the “Wiener Sonenblatt.”
Gradually he became known, first among musicians, and later to the public, as a writer of songs.
He was an ardent admirer of Wagner, and was greatly influenced by that composer.
His instrumental works consist of a symphonic poem, Penthesilea, an Italienesche Serenade for strings, and a few other works of a similar nature.
As a song writer he ranks with the very highest, but never lived to attain the position which is now accorded him.
He possessed a furious mental energy, which manifested itself at intervals throughout his life, and eventually broke all bounds.
He became a raving lunatic, and died in an asylum.
He was buried near the graves of Beethoven and Schubert in Vienna.