Giovanni Battista Martini
(called Padre Martini)
Born in bologna, Italy, April 25, 1706
His father, also a musician, instructed his son upon the violin and pianoforte. He joined the Franciscans, and was appointed maestro de cappella in 1725. In order to become acquainted with the theory and history of music, he collected books and manuscripts dealing with every phase of the subject, gathering the richest private library of its kind in the world. Noted musicians came to him as an authority on unsettled questions. He was a teacher and a composer of church music, and published various treatises, also collections of ancient and medieval music, and of example from the Italian and Spanish schools.
He died in Bologna, August 3, 1784.