Joseph (Franz Karl) Lanner
Joseph (Franz Karl) Lanner was born in Dobling, near Vienna, April 12, 1801.
He taught himself both in composition and on the violin, and organized a quartet in which Johann Strauss the elder took the viola. This quartet gradually expanded into a full orchestra, which was in great demand, and which Lanner alternated with Strauss in conducting at the court balls. Lanner was the originator of the modern Viennese waltz, which he developed from the Landler, a form of folk dance. His compositions, chiefly waltzes, number more than 200.
He died in Vienna, April 14, 1843.