Robert Alexander Schumann
Schumann was born at Zwickau, Saxony, June 8, 1810, and died at Endernich, near Bonn, July 29, 1856.
He wrote his first composition in 1817, when he was studying under Kuntsche and Marienkirsche.
He studied law at Leipsic in 1828, and a year later he went to Heidelberg. In 1830 he overcame parental opposition and commenced to study piano under Friedrich Wieck.
The next year, however, he injured his hand and forsook piano playing for composition. In 1834 he founded his famous paper, Neue
Zeitschrift fur Musik.
He lived, in Vienna for a while, but finally returned to Leipsic, and in 1840 married Clara Wieck, the daughter of his former teacher, in
face of tremendous opposition from her father. This love match is one of the most romantic episodes in musical history.
In the year following his wedding he composed over one hundred songs.
In 1843 he was appointed professor of pianoforte playing and composition at Leipsic, when the conservatory was opened by Mendelssohn, but gave this up in order to go to Dresden.
In 1850 his opera, Genoveva, was produced in Liepsic, but without much success.
In 1851 indications of insanity made their appearance. Compositions typical of his genius are the G minor symphony, and the Carnival music for piano.
His Traumerei is tremendously popular as a short piece, whilst his songs Widmung and Der Nussbaum are immortal.
He was one of the greatest of all composers.