Category: Music Theory

solfeggio

Solfeggio

Solfeggio is a musical exercise for the voice on the syllables Ur (or Do), Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, forming the Guidonian hexachord, to which was added later the syllable Si on the 7th...

american_organ

History of the American Organ

The principle of the American organ was first discovered about 1835 by a workman in the factory of M. Alexandre, the most celebrated harmonium maker of Paris. M. Alexandre constructed a few instruments on...

recitative1

Recitative

Recitative (Italian Recitativo; German, Recitatif; from the Latin Recitare). A species of declamatory music, extensively used in those portions of an opera, an oratorio, or a cantata, in which the action of the drama...

sackbut

Sackbut

Sackbut is an early name for the trombone probably derived from the Spanish sacabuche (‘draw tube’) i.e., sacar ‘to draw’, and bucha ‘a pipe,’ originally made of boxwood, the name being also given to...

tierce

Tierce

Tierce, i.e., Tiers, third. A name given to the interval of the Third, whether Major or Minor. The fourth of the series of natural harmonics, being the Major Third in the third octave above...

terzetto

Terzetto

Terzetto (Italian) A terzetto is generally a composition for three voices. Beyond one instance in Bach, and a few modern examples consisting of pieces not in sonata form, the tern has never been applied...

litany

Litany Definition

Litany (Old English, Letanie; Latin, Lilaniae, Greek, a Supplication). A litany is a solemn form of prayer; sung, by solo voices and choir, alternately. The origin of the litany can be traced back to...

harmonium-thumb

History of the Harmonium

Harmonium – (French, also Orgue expressif). A well known popular keyed instrument, the tones of which are produced by thin tongues of brass or steel, set in periodic motion by pressure of air, and...

gimel5

Gimel

Gimel is from the Latin gemellus, ‘twin’. A gimel is a form of discant described by Gulielmus Monachus, a writer of the 15th century, as peculiar to the English. The gimel was sung by...

tessitura

Tessitura

Tessitura (Italian ) Tessitura literally means texture, from tesserae, to weave. A term, for which there is no direct equivalent in English, used by the Italians to indicate how the music of a pieces...