Category: Music Theory

chromatic-scale2

Chromatic Scale

Chromatic Scale The word chromatic was derived from the Greek, the name of one of the ancient tetrachords, the notes of which were formerly supposed to be similar to the scale known as ‘chromatic’...

antiphon

Antiphon

Antiphon means to raise the voice in reply. It is a short piece of plain-song introduced before a psalm or canticle, to the tune of which it corresponds, while the words are selected so...

Crwth_thumb

Crwth

A crwth or crowd, is as far as we know the oldest stringed instrument played with the bow; probably at home in India, but in its European use apparently limited to England, and especially...

Flageolets (c) BenP

Flageolet

The flageolet is a more modern form of the flute-a-bec, straight flute or fipple flute. The upper part consists of a plain tubular mouthpiece, leading to a cavity, in which is a sounding lip...

fingerboard

What is a Fingerboard?

The fingerboard is that part of a stringed instrument over which the strings are stretched, and against which the fingers of the left hand of the player press the strings in order to produce...

figured-bass

Figured Bass

Figured bass is a species of musical shorthand by which the harmony only of a piece is indicated. It consists of the bass notes alone, with figures to represent the chords. Figured bass may...

tritone

Tritone

A tritone is the interval of the augmented fourth, consisting of three whole tones, whence the name is derived. In pure ecclesiastical music the use of the tritonus or Augmented Fourth was strictly forbidden;...

toccata

Toccata

Toccata (Italian) Toccata is from toccare, to touch, and is the name of a kind of instrumental composition originating in the beginning of the 17th century. As the term Sonata is derived from the...

vibrato

Vibrato

Vibrato is an Italian term (past participle of, or verb adjective derived from , vibrare, to vibrate), denoting an effect something akin to tremolo, yet differing essentially from it, used in musical performance. I....

quodlibet-thumb

Definition of a Quodlibet

(Lat. ‘What you please’), also called Quotlibet (‘As many as you please’), and in Italian Messanza or Mistichanza (‘A mixture’). This was a kind of musical joke in the 16th and early part of...